All the monarchs seeing him stop, stood there to become spectators of the coming encounter between him and Salva. The charioteers soon brought handsome cars with fine horses harnessed thereto. There Bhishma saw that innumerable monarchs had come from all directions; and there he also saw those three maidens that would select their own husbands. As the fisherman is not sure about the prince's children honouring the promise, Devavrata also takes a vow of lifelong celibacy to guarantee his father's promise.Shantanu has two sons by Satyavati, Chitrangada and Vichitravirya. But when he died childless, Vichitravirya became a king. Would you please read the Ganga post in this blog (one of the earliest posts, posted in 2008, I think). The other kings also, who had come to witness, the self-choice ceremony returned to their own kingdoms. This is true of the retelling of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata in our regional languages. Chitrangada was the eldest son of Shantanu and Satyavati and the older brother of Vichitravirya in the Mahabharata. Conversant with the dictates of virtue, Bhishma, having achieved such an extraordinary feat according to (kingly) custom, then began to make preparations for his brother's wedding. I am here starting from Shantanu, and if you want to go into depth i have given a link at the end of the answer. [4], When he had reached manhood, Bhishma married him to Ambika and Ambalika, beautiful daughters of the king of Kasi Kashya. Vichitravirya had an elder brother called Chitrangada. His elder brother, Chitrangada, succeeded king Santanu to the throne of Hastinapura. Since his elder half brother Bhishma (son of Shantanu and Ganga) took a vow of not ascending the throne of Hastinapura, he became the king after Shantanu and was very successful. Chitrangada and Vichitravirya. Others again may bestow their daughters by accepting a couple of kine. He made modifications in the Ganga story. The prince passed seven years uninterruptedly in the company of his wives. The main story of the Mahabharata revolves around a giant rivalry between two parties of cousins, the Pandavas and the Kauravas, over their ancestral kingdom. He was endued with great energy and became an eminent man. Bow in hand, and brow furrowed into wrinkles, he stayed on his car, in obedience to Kshatriya usage having checked its course in expectation of the enemy. Role: Shantanu’s second wife/Vichitravirya and Chitrangada’s mother/Bhishma’s step-mother Know more about her from here ️ Debashree Roy’s StarsUnfolded Profile. At this time he heard that the three daughters of the king of Kasi, all equal in beauty to the Apsaras themselves, would be married on the same occasion, selecting their husbands at a self-choice ceremony. Rajesh Vivek. Segons el Mahabharata mateix, el conte prové d'una versió més curta de 24.000 versos anomenats simplement Bhrata. the motion of their ornaments and armour, brilliant as these were, resembled meteoric flashes in the sky. Vichitravirya married Ambika and Ambalika, who were daughters of the King of Kashi. Mahabharata - Chitrangada - who was he? At the self-choice ceremony also I would have chosen him as my lord. He was undefeated King - defeated many Kings during his short rein. 9 years ago. With brows contracted and eyes red with rage, the monarchs moved in impatience, their armour and ornaments dazzling or waving with their agitated steps. Thereafter, Bhishma consecrated Vichitravirya, who was still a child, to the kingdom. Bhishma, then, on hearing those shouts of the Kshatriyas, became very angry and said, “Stay, Stay”. Some again bestow their daughters by taking a fixed sum, and some take away maidens by force. Salva, after his defeat, returned to his kingdom and continued to rule it virtuously. But in spite of all efforts, the Kuru prince died, setting like the evening sun. Bhishma cut off, with his arrows, on the field of battle, bows, and flagstaffs, and coats of mail, and human heads by hundreds and thousands. Chitrangada is the elder son of Santanu by his wife Satyavati.Chitrangada was killed when h was young in a conflict with a Gandarbha, who was also named Chitrangada.His elder half brother Bhishma, the son of Ganga promised to Satyavati's parents that he will not ascend the throne, so Chitrangada became the king of Hastinapura after Santanu and was very successful. Upon growing up, Chitrangada became the King of Hastinapur. The virtuous Bhishma then became plunged into anxiety and grief, and in consultation with Satyavati caused the obsequial rites of the deceased to be performed by learned priests and the several of the Kuru race. 6:13. It was then, that mighty car-warrior, king Salva of immeasurable prowess, from behind summoned Bhishma to an encounter. Chitrāngadā, in the Hindu epic Mahābhārata, was the warrior princess of Manipura. But he bestowed with due rites the two other daughters, Ambika and Ambalika on his younger brother Vichitravirya. Chitrangada was the uncle of Dhritarashtra, Pandu and Vidura. Chitrangada and Vichitravirya After the nuptials were over, king Shantanu established his beautiful bride in his household. Then that foremost of car-warriors, that vanquisher of all foes, at the command of his mother, went to the city of Varanasi in a single chariot. The assembled monarchs threw at their foe ten thousand arrows at the same time. However, the Mahabharata does not include this event; it only describes Bhishma crowning Chitrangada as king under Satyavati's command. Bhishma, however speedily checked those numberless arrows before they could come at him by means of a shower of his own arrows as innumerable as the down on the body. 2 0. Anichakra Vids 1,849,590 views. Home Mahabharata Episodes in English Archive by category "Adi Parva in English" Category: Adi Parva in English. Between that Gandharva and that foremost one of the Kurus, who were both very powerful, there occurred on the field of Kurukshetra a fierce combat which lasted full three years on the banks of the Saraswati. He ascended the throne of Hastinapura after his father's death, but was killed by a Gandharva namesake. Vichitravirya married the princesses of Kashi -Kosala: Ambika and Ambalika, who were won by Bhishma in a Swayamvara (marriage choice). Therefore, you monarchs, I bear away these maidens hence by force. Chitrangada was later killed by a namesake Gandharva . When the assembled kings were each being mentioned by name, Bhishma chose those maidens on behalf of his brother. Friends and relatives in consultation with one another tried to effect a cure. Then king Salva covered Bhishma, the son of Santanu with hundreds and thousands of swift-winged shafts. The challenged monarchs then all stood up, slapping their arms and biting their nether lips in wrath. He was endued with great energy and became an eminent man. Subsequently, through a Niyoga relationship with his half-brother sage Vyasa, his wives and a maid gave birth to three children, namely Dhritarashtra, Pandu and Vidura. Chitrangada was Queen Satyavati and King Shantanu’s eldest son. Passing through many forests, rivers, hills, and woods abounding with trees, he arrived (at the capital) in no time. Vichitravirya was the youngest son of King Santanu and Queen Satyavati in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. He had an elder brother named Chitrangada, who succeeded king Santanu to the throne of Hastinapura. He features in the Hindu epic, the Mahabharata. And both Ambika and Ambalika were of tall stature, and of the complexion of molten gold. After the nuptials were over, king Shantanu established his beautiful bride in his household. Vichitravirya's death is described in this chapter of the Adi Parva of the Mahabharata: And though Vichitravirya was virtuous and abstemious, yet, proud of youth and beauty, he soon became lustful after his marriage. The epic is about the bloodshed and war between the Kaurvas (sons of … Chitrangada was the elder son of Shantanu and Satyavati. After Chitrangada's death his young brother Vichitravirya was crowned king, while Bhishma ruled on his behalf (under Satyavati's command) until Vichitravirya grew up. But the sages have said that, that wife is dearly to be prized who is taken away by force, after the slaughter of opponents, from amidst the concourse of princes and kings invited to a self-choice ceremony. Chitrangda was the daughter of the King of Manipur. Save my name, email, and site URL in my browser for next time I post a comment. In that terrible encounter characterized by thick showers of weapons and in which the combatants ground each other fiercely, the Gandharva, who had greater prowess or strategic deception, slew the Kuru prince. Bhishma, after defeating those monarchs, set out with those damsels, for Hastinapura whence the virtuous Kuru prince Vichitravirya ruled the earth like his father Santanu. ... His younger brother Vichitravirya then ascended the throne. Having taken them up, he sped his chariot away, challenging the invited kings to a fight. Strive you, to the best of your might, to vanquish me or to be vanquished. Then those kings surrounded him from all sides and rained arrows on him like masses of clouds showering on the mountain-breast. A historical Kuru King named Dhritarashtra, son of Vichitravirya is mentioned in the Kathaka Samhita of the Yajurveda (c. 1200–900 BCE) as a descendant of the Rigvedic-era King Sudas of the Bharatas. After Shantanu had ascended to heaven. Taking them upon his chariot, Bhishma addressed the kings, and said in a voice deep as the roar of the clouds, “The wise have directed that when an accomplished person has been invited, a maiden may be bestowed on him, decked with ornaments and along with many valuable presents. Desirous of obtaining the maidens, he came upon Bhishma like a mighty leader of a herd of elephants rushing upon another of his kind, and tearing with his tusks the latter's hips at the sight of a female elephant in heat. However, he was killed by a Gandharva. After Chitrangada's death his young brother Vichitravirya was crowned king, while Bhishma ruled on his behalf (under Satyavati's command) until Vichitravirya grew up. In wrath, he commanded his charioteer, saying, “Lead you my car to where Salva is, so that I may slay him instantly as Garuda slays a serpent.” Then the Kuru chief fixed the Varuna weapon on his bow-string, and with it afflicted the four steeds of king Salva. She was the only heir of king Chitravahana. The latter, in their turn pierced Bhishma, each with five shafts. Before Vichitravirya, attained to majority, the wise king Shantanu realized the inevitable influence of Time. [2][3], Vichitravirya had an elder brother named Chitrāngada, whom his half-brother Bhishma placed on the throne of the kingdom of the Kurus after Shantanu's death; he was a mighty warrior but the king of the Gandharvas defeated and killed him at the end of a long battle. Later, Shantanu married Satyavati and had two sons, namely Chitrangada and Vichitravirya. Satyavati then asked Bhisma to fetch queens for Vichitravirya. Soon after was born of Satyavati an intelligent and heroic son of Santanu named Chitrangada. But, Bhishma checked those by his prowess and pierced each of the contending kings with two shafts. When he saw that his brother, who was the foremost of intelligent men, attained to majority, Bhishma set his heart upon marrying Vichitravirya. Your email address will not be published. She had a son named Babhruvahana with him. Anonymous. After Chitrangada was slain, his successor Vichitravirya being a minor, Bhishma ruled the kingdom, placing himself under the command of Satyavati. Bhishma attended the swayamvara conducted by the king of Kashi (present-day Varanasi), and defeated all the kings. El Mahabharata (sànscrit (IAST) महाभारत), tradicionalment atribuït a Vyasa, és una de les dues poesies èpiques en sànscrit de l'itihasa o poesia èpica índia, l'altre és el Ramayana.. El títol es pot traduir com 'el gran conte de la dinastia Bhrata'. Answer Save. After Chitrangada's death his young brother Vichitravirya was crowned king, while Bhishma ruled on his behalf (under Satyavati's command) until Vichitravirya grew up. [5] Like his brother Chitrangada, he died childless. He was attacked while yet in the prime of youth, with phthisis. Dhritarashtraborn of Ambika, and Panduborn of Ambalika and Vidura born to a maid, were born from Vyasa’s powers Siddhis. Their heads were covered with black curly hair, and their finger-nails were high and red; their hips were fat and round, and their breasts full and deep. The female Chitrangada was the princess of Manipur who married Arjuna when he was on his 12 year personal exile. In the epic Mahabharata, Chitrāngada (चित्रांगद), is the elder son of Shantanu and Satyavati. Chitrangada and Vichitravirya. Vichitravirya married the princesses of Kashi-Kosala: Ambika and Ambalika, who were won by Bhishma in a Swayamvara (marriage choice). The word Vichitravirya actually means 'Marvelous Heroism'. Thanks for A2A. Bhishma of mighty arms, impelled by the desire of benefiting his brother, having by his prowess brought them thus, then offered those maidens possessing every accomplishment unto Vichitravirya. Right after he became king, he died fighting a Gandharva of the same name. Story of Chitrangada is adapted by Indian writer, Rabindranath Tagore in his play, Chitra. Upon Shantanu's death, Chitrangada becomes king. The combat became so fierce with that dense shower of arrows and other missiles that it looked very much like the encounter between the celestials and the Asuras of old, and men of courage who took no part in it were struck with fear even to look at the scene. Vichitravirya had an elder brother named Chitrāngada, whom his half-brother Bhishma placed on the throne of the kingdom of the Kurus after Shantanu's death; he was a mighty warrior but the king of the Gandharvas defeated and killed him at the end of a long battle. Pandavas Complete Family Tree | Mahabharata Facts - Duration: 6:13. Having slain Chitrangada, the Gandharva ascended to heaven. When Sarala Das retold the story, he made use of the Mahabharata narrative to describe the lila of Krishna. The story of Chitrangada Chitrangada was the elder son of Shantanu and Satyavati. You are conversant with all the dictates of virtue, knowing all this, do as you like.”. Vichitravirya’s two wives were Ambika and Ambalika. After his death Vichitravirya rules Hastinapura. He then installed the boy Vichitravirya of mighty arms, still in his minority, on the throne of the Kurus. MAHABHARATA INTRODUCTION: Mahabharata is one of the two major epics of India.It was written by Vyasa.This epic portrays the real meaning of life .It also includes lessons of life from Bhagvad Gita. Chitrangada was killed by Gandharvas in a battle, while Vichitravirya was weak and ill all the time. Those splendid warriors then, equipped with all kinds of weapons, rode on those cars, and with uplifted weapons pursued the retreating chief of the Kurus. Loud was the din produced, as, in a great hurry, they began to cast off their ornaments and put on their armour. [6], "Early Sanskritization: Origin and Development of the Kuru state", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vichitravirya&oldid=992918603, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 20:20. As he was conversant with the rules of virtue, he consulted with the Brahmanas who had mastered the Vedas, and permitted Amba, the eldest daughter of the ruler of Kasi to do as she liked. Some wed with the consent of the maidens, some by drugging them into consent, and some by going unto the maidens' parents and obtaining their sanction. Now, for centuries the Kashi princesses were getting married to the Kuru princes and the Kashi king would have happily continued with the tradition had Bhishma not taken the oath of celibacy and abdicated the crown for his step brother Chitrangada, and subsequently Vichitravirya, following Chitrangada’s death in the battlefield. Vichitravirya loved his wives very much and was adored by them. He heard that the king of Kasi was holding a swayamvara for his three daughters. He then vanquished that best of monarchs but left him with his life. During Exile, Arjun travelled many pars of the country and went to Manipur also. Then that foremost of all wielders of weapons having vanquished in battle all those monarchs, pursued his way towards the capital of the Bharatas, taking those maidens with him. * By practice if king was challenged he himself has to fight. Beholding that he could vanquish men, Asuras, and the very gods, his namesake, the powerful king of the Gandharvas, approached him for an encounter. Those monarchs seeing Salva thus covering Bhishma at the outset with innumerable shafts, wondered much and uttered shouts of applause. (Chitrangada must not be confused with Chitrangadaa the fourth wife of Arjuna) As according to tradition, Chitrangada became the king of Hastinapur, because Bhishma had taken the … They had a fierce duel which lasted for 3 years and King Chitrangada was ultimately killed in the fight. Vichitravirya was still a child when he was crowned king, thus Bhishma ruled as his regent. Then Bhishma, fighting for the sake of those damsels, slew with the Aindra weapon the noble steeds of his adversary. Vichitravirya in the Hindu epic Mahabharata is the younger son of queen Satyavati and king Santanu. Kuru prince, endued with great energy, thus addressing the assembled monarchs and the king of Kasi, took upon his car those maidens. You monarchs, I stand here resolved to fight!”. Of these, the learned always applaud the eighth form of marriage. Thereafter, Bhishma consecrated Vichitravirya, who was still a child, to the kingdom. This was also approved by my father. Such was his terrible prowess and extraordinary lightness of hand, and such the skill with which he protected himself, that the contending car-warriors, though his enemies, began to applaud him loudly. The lord Santanu of great prowess also begat upon Satyavati another son named Vichitravirya, who became a mighty … He was a powerful warrior. After Chitrangada died without an heir, Vchitravirya the younger prince was enthroned. Required fields are marked *. He had, in his heart, accepted me for his wife. So, Vichitravirya became the King of Hastinapur. His younger brother Vichitravirya ascended the throne. Thus addressed by that maiden in the presence of the Brahmanas, the heroic Bhishma began to reflect as to what should be done. [1] In the Mahabharata he was the younger son of queen Satyavati and king Shantanu and grandfather of the Pandavas and Kauravas. But after seven years he fell ill of consumption and could not be healed despite the efforts of his friends and physicians. Shantanu had two sons by Satyavati, Chitrangada and Vichitravirya. Vichitravirya (Sanskrit: विचित्रवीर्य, vicitravīrya) was a Kuru king. Kings, however, speak highly of the Swyamvara and themselves wed according to it. Aneri Shah rated it it was amazing Sep 04, Geek rated it it was amazing Oct 31, After many years, Shantanu and Satyavati had two sons, named Chitrangada and Vichitravirya. The two then began to exhibit their prowess (upon each other) like roaring bulls of great strength at the sight of a cow in rut. When that tiger among men endued with great prowess was slain, Bhishma performed all his obsequies. Shantanu was a Kuru king of Hastinapura. Chitrangada was very powerful and great warrior. Bhishma, placing himself under the command of Satyavati, installed Chitrangada, on the throne, who, having soon vanquished by his prowess all monarchs, considered not any man as his equal. When the young king reached the proper age to marry, Bhishma searched for a suitable bride for him. After Shantanu’s death, Chitrangada becomes king. She was one of Arjuna's consorts. Vichitravirya also, endued with the prowess of the celestials and the beauty of the twin Aswins, could steal the heart of any beautiful woman. As: Maharishi Ved Vyas Sudesh Berry. In the Mahabharata, he is the elder son of Shantanu and Satyavati, ascending the throne of Hastinapura after his father's death. Very less is known about him. In order to arrange the marriage of the young Vichitravirya, Bhishma goes to Kashi for a swayamvara of … Salva of mighty arms, moved by wrath addressed Bhishma and said, “Stay, Stay.” Then Bhishma, provoked by these words, flamed up in wrath like a blazing fire. After the nuptials were over, king Shantanu established his beautiful bride in his household. When everything about the wedding had been settled by Bhishma in consultation with Satyavati, the eldest daughter of the king of Kasi, with a soft smile, told him these words, “At heart I had chosen the king of Saubha for my husband. Vichitravirya, placing himself under the command of Bhishma, ruled the ancestral kingdom. When Shantanu died Bhishma and Satyavati announced ' The king of the Hastinapur is now Chitrangada '. However, this Vedic mention does not provide corroboration for the accuracy of the Mahabharata's account of his reign. He adored Bhishma who was conversant with all the rules of Dharma and law; so, indeed, Bhishma also protected him that was so obedient to the dictates of duty. But Bhishma, arresting with his shafts the course of that arrowy downpour, pierced each of the monarchs with three shafts. ... Chitrangada and Vichitravirya from that of Santanu and Satyavati. Unfortunately, his success angered a Gandharva king of the same name. Then, occurred the terrible encounter between those innumerable monarchs on one side and the Kuru warrior alone on the other. Though Vichitravirya was virtuous and abstemious, yet, proud of youth and beauty, he soon became lustful after his marriage. Some again obtain wives as presents for assisting at sacrifices. Bhishma, having slain numberless foes in battle without a scratch on his own person, brought the daughters of the king of Kasi unto the Kurus as tenderly if they were his daughters-in-law, or younger sisters, or daughters. * He was a great warrior. He was brother of Vichitravirya and step brother of Bhishma. Vichitravirya was still a child when he was crowned king, hence Bhishma ruled as his regent. The Kuru chief, then, warding off with his weapons those of his foe, slew Salva's charioteer. Endued with every auspicious mark, the amiable young ladies considered themselves to be wedded to a husband who was every way worthy of themselves, and extremely loved and respected Vichitravirya. Your email address will not be published. Chitrāngada (Sanskrit: चित्रांगद, citrāngada) was a king in ancient India. 5 Answers. Soon after was born of Satyavati an intelligent and heroic son of Santanu named Chitrangada. Both Ambika and Ambalika were of tall stature, and of the complexion of molten gold. Beholding his lightness of hand in combat, the crowd of regal spectators became very glad and applauded Salva greatly. 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A comment said chitrangada and vichitravirya in mahabharata “ Stay, Stay ” yet, proud of youth beauty! Later, Shantanu married Satyavati and had two sons, namely Chitrangada and Vichitravirya brother of Vichitravirya step! `` Adi Parva in English and abstemious, yet, proud of,. To rule it virtuously the wise king Shantanu established his beautiful bride in his household his 12 year exile... Harnessed thereto became a king and Vidura born to a maid, were born from Vyasa s... And defeated all the monarchs seeing him stop, stood there to become spectators of the and... Kings, however, speak highly of the retelling of the Kurus his three.... Consultation with one another tried to effect a cure, chitrāngada ( चित्रांगद ), and of! A couple of kine regional languages much and was adored by them realized the inevitable influence time! Country and went to Manipur also by the king of Kashi -Kosala: Ambika and Ambalika his. With phthisis with three shafts succeeded king Santanu to the best of your might, to the kingdom, himself... And Vichitravirya after the nuptials were over, king Salva of immeasurable prowess, from behind summoned Bhishma to encounter!, yet, proud of youth, with phthisis this blog ( of! Ramayana and the older brother of Vichitravirya in the Hindu epic Mahabharata, chitrāngada चित्रांगद. And Queen Satyavati and the older brother of Vichitravirya in the company of his,. Mentioned by name, email, and of the complexion of molten gold year personal exile and not! His obsequies the story of Chitrangada Chitrangada was the younger son of Queen Satyavati and king realized... Of Santanu named Chitrangada, succeeded king Santanu to the throne of Hastinapura after his marriage to vanquished. Pandavas and Kauravas Mahabharata mateix, el conte prové d'una versió més curta de 24.000 versos simplement. I stand here resolved to fight! ” with fine horses harnessed thereto citrāngada ) a...