Currently, the DoD is led by acting defense secretary Christopher C. Miller, who replaced terminated former Secretary of Defense Mark Esper on November 9th, 2020. [7] More employees include over 826,000 National Guard and reservists from the armed forces, and over 732,000 civilians[8] bringing the total to over 2.8 million employees. In mid-June 1775, after the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, the Second Continental Congress, recognizing the necessity of having a national army that could move about and fight beyond the boundaries of any particular colony, organized the Continental Army on 14 June 1775. More information about Slovenia is available on the Slovenia Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet. After the end of World War II, President Harry Truman proposed the creation of a unified department of national defense. Also provided in this legislation was a centralized research authority, the Advanced Research Projects Agency, eventually known as DARPA. [35] The secretaries of the Military Departments are (by law) subordinate to the secretary of defense and (by SecDef delegation) to the deputy secretary of defense. The company boasts annual revenues in excess of $11 billion.Through its subsidiaries, Liberty serves over 11 million customers with a combined … [54], The Department of Defense was responsible for 93% of all US government fuel consumption in 2007 (Department of the Air Force: 52%; Department of the Navy: 33%; Department of the Army: 7%; other Department components: 1%). The Department of Defense is unique in that it is one of the few federal entities where the majority of its funding falls into the discretionary category. All Topics and Services About the U.S. American Flag Branches of the Of the total, $708.1 billion falls under the jurisdiction of the House Committee on Armed Services and Senate Armed Services Committee and is subject to authorization by the annual National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA). Military service has a long tradition in the United States. The department's electricity use would supply enough electricity to power more than 2.6 million average American homes. OSD also performs oversight and management of the Defense Agencies, Department of Defense Field Activities, and specialized Cross Functional Teams. [53], In FY 2006, the department used almost 30,000 gigawatt hours (GWH) of electricity, at a cost of almost $2.2 billion. The United States will continue to take all steps necessary to implement UNSCR 1737 and UNSCR 1747 to prevent proliferation-related activity by Iran in the future. [11][12] This momentous event is commemorated in the U.S. annually as Flag Day. United States of America's $716.2 Billion Defense Budget Analysis Report, FY 2021: Key Defense Companies are Lockheed Martin, Boeing, General Dynamics, Huntington Ingalls Industries, Northrop Grumman Dublin, Dec. 10, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The "United States of America's Defense Budget Analysis (FY 2021), Competitive Landscape and Forecasts" report has been added to … Since it is impractical for either Congress or the president to participate in every piece of Department of Defense affairs, the secretary of defense, and the secretary's subordinate officials generally, exercise military authority. Navy? [2] Headquartered at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, just outside Washington, D.C., the DoD's stated mission is to provide "the military forces needed to deter war and ensure our nation's security".[9][10]. The Department of Defense was the largest single consumer of energy in the United States in 2006. The Department of Defense provides the military forces needed to deter war, and to protect the security of the United States. The Act clarified the overall decision-making authority of the secretary of defense with respect to these subordinate Military Departments and more clearly defined the operational chain of command over U.S. military forces (created by the military departments) as running from the president to the secretary of defense and then to the unified combatant commanders. They fulfill the requirements of national policymakers and war planners, serve as Combat Support Agencies, and also assist non-Department of Defense intelligence or law enforcement services such as the Central Intelligence Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Department of Defense also has its own human intelligence service, which contributes to the CIA's human intelligence efforts while also focusing on military human intelligence priorities. The FY2019 Budget for the Department of Defense is approximately $686,074,048,000[50] (Including Base + Overseas Contingency Operations + Emergency Funds) in discretionary spending and $8,992,000,000 in mandatory spending totaling $695,066,000,000, Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller) David L. Norquist said in a hearing regarding the FY 2019 budget: "The overall number you often hear is $716 billion. Each military department (the Department of the Navy includes naval aviation and the United States Marine Corps) is separately organized under its own Secretary and functions under the authority, direction, and control of the Secretary of Defense. That is the funding for the Department of Defense, split between $617 billion in base and $69 billion in overseas contingency. President George Washington went to Congress to remind them of their duty to establish a military twice during this time. The latest version, signed by former secretary of defense Robert Gates in December 2010, is the first major re-write since 1987.[24][25]. [14][15] The War Department handled naval affairs until Congress created the Navy Department in 1798. There are three Military Departments within the Department of Defense: The Military Departments are each headed by their own secretary (i.e., Secretary of the Army, Secretary of the Navy and Secretary of the Air Force), appointed by the president, with the advice and consent of the Senate. [36] The Unified Commands are governed by a Unified Command Plan—a frequently updated document (produced by the DoD), which lays out the Command's mission, geographical/functional responsibilities and force structure. The Department of Energy manages the United States' nuclear infrastructure and administers the country's energy policy. Official website for U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE The Department of Defense provides the military forces needed to deter war and ensure our nation's security. According to the 2005 CIA World Factbook, if it were a country, the Department of Defense would rank 34th in the world in average daily oil use, coming in just behind Iraq and just ahead of Sweden. It found that there was $125 billion in wasteful spending that could be saved over the next five years without layoffs or reduction in military personnel. It includes, for example, Department of Energy and others. [45] Of these resources, $1.1 trillion were obligated and $994 billion were disbursed, with the remaining resources relating to multi-year modernization projects requiring additional time to procure. The Department of Defense also operates several joint services schools, including the Eisenhower School (ES) and the National War College (NWC). In the 2010 United States federal budget, the Department of Defense was allocated a base budget of $533.7 billion, with a further $75.5 billion adjustment in respect of 2009, and $130 billion for overseas contingencies. The Department of Defense accounts for the majority of federal discretionary spending. In FY 2017 the Department of Defense budgeted spending accounted for 15% of the U.S. federal budget, and 49% of federal discretionary spending, which represents funds not accounted for by pre-existing obligations. [55] The Air Force is the largest user of fuel energy in the federal government. In addition, four national intelligence services are subordinate to the Department of Defense: the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the National Security Agency (NSA), the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), and the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO). The majority of the entire federal budget is mandatory, and much of the discretionary funding in the budget consists of DoD dollars. [17][18][19] The National Military Establishment formally began operations on 18 September, the day after the Senate confirmed James V. Forrestal as the first secretary of defense. A-Z List [31] Goldwater–Nichols also created the office of vice-chairman, and the chairman is now designated as the principal military adviser to the secretary of defense, the Homeland Security Council, the National Security Council and to the president. [56], In the latest Center for Effective Government analysis of 15 federal agencies which receive the most Freedom of Information Act requests, published in 2015 (using 2012 and 2013 data, the most recent years available), the DoD earned 61 out of a possible 100 points, a D− grade. While it had improved from a failing grade in 2013, it still had low scores in processing requests (55%) and their disclosure rules (42%). § 113) the head of the Department of Defense, "the principal assistant to the President in all matters relating to Department of Defense", and has "authority, direction, and control over the Department of Defense". Most information on this list was taken from Government Information[permanent dead link]. This is a list of Agencies under the United States Department of Defense (DoD) which was formerly and shortly known as the National Military Establishment. Some pieces were taken from USA.gov. In June 2016, the Office of the Inspector General released a report stating that the army made $6.5 trillion in wrongful adjustments to its accounting entries in 2015.[23]. Colonel Gregory J. Lengyel, USAF, The Brookings Institution, Department of Defense Energy Strategy, August 2007. Its main responsibilities are to control the Armed Forces of the United States. Deliberations in Congress went on for months focusing heavily on the role of the military in society and the threat of granting too much military power to the executive. 3 G. On July 30, 2020, the United States Department of Justice submitted c laim 137848 in the bankruptcy of Purdue on behalf of HHS, DHA, and OPM alleging that, from 2010 to 2018, Purdue knowingly caused false, medically u nnecessary claims to be Its main responsibilities are to control the Armed Forces of the United States. Is the United States imposing sanctions on these persons by specifying them in this Guidance? Reuters reported in 2013 that the Pentagon was the only federal agency that had not released annual audits as required by a 1992 law. That large a number, if you back out the $30 billion for non-defense agencies, you get to $686 billion. The secretaries of each of these departments reported directly to the president as cabinet-level advisors until 1949, when all military departments became subordinate to the Secretary of Defense. The military services each have their own intelligence elements that are distinct from but subject to coordination, by national intelligence agencies under the Department of Defense. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The United States has ten Combatant Commands (COCOM); six Geographical Combatant Commands (GCC) & four Functional Combatant Commands (FCC). Find related and similar companies as well as employees by title and much more. [18] The National Military Establishment was renamed the "Department of Defense" on 10 August 1949 and absorbed the three cabinet-level military departments, in an amendment to the original 1947 law.[20]. In electricity consumption, if it were a country, the department would rank 58th in the world, using slightly less than Denmark and slightly more than Syria (CIA World Factbook, 2006). Explore trending topics, experience DOD through interactive pieces, engage by testing your wit with quizzes and U.S.-SLOVENIA RELATIONS Slovenia and the United States have enjoyed a strong bilateral relationship since President George H. W. Bush recognized Slovenia’s independence on April 7, 1992, several months after […] Military operations are managed by eleven regional or functional Unified combatant commands. [38], During military operations, the chain of command runs from the president to the secretary of defense to the combatant commanders of the Combatant Commands. Department of Defense photo Arms sales: $26.9 billion Country: United States The gap between America's top two defense firms, Lockheed Martin and Boeing, widened by $18 billion in 2017. Specification in this Guidance only indicates that an individual or entity has been identified as part of, or operating for or on behalf of, the defense or intelligence sectors of the Government of the Russian Federation, for purposes of implementing Section 231(e). The United States Department of Defense (DoD,[5] USDOD or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government directly related to national security and the United States Armed Forces. The act was written and promoted by the Eisenhower administration and was signed into law 6 August 1958. The United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA or DVA) is a government-run military veteran benefit system with Cabinet-level status. Because of the Constitution vests all military authority in Congress and the president, the statutory authority of the secretary of defense is derived from their constitutional authorities. [54] The Department of Defense uses 4,600,000,000 US gallons (1.7×1010 L) of fuel annually, an average of 12,600,000 US gallons (48,000,000 L) of fuel per day. [40] By 2019 the 27th secretary of defense had begun a line-by-line review of the defense budget; in 2020 the secretary identified items amounting to $5.7 billion, out of a $106 billion subtotal (the so-called "fourth estate" agencies such as missile defense, and defense intelligence, amounting to 16% of the defense budget),[41][42] which he will re-deploy to the modernization of hypersonics, artificial intelligence, and missile defense. The Air Force uses 10% of the nation's aviation fuel. Neither does it include defense spending that is not military in nature, such as the Department of Homeland Security, counter-terrorism spending by the FBI, and intelligence-gathering spending by the NSA. These agencies are directly overseen by the Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence. In a special message to Congress on 19 December 1945, the president cited both wasteful military spending and inter-departmental conflicts. 1984: Department of Defense Authorization Act, Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 14:42. [38] Almost all operational U.S. forces are under the authority of a Unified Command. Deloitte provides industry-leading audit, consulting, tax, and advisory services to many of the world’s most admired brands, including 80 percent of the Fortune 500. [57], In 2015, a Pentagon consulting firm performed an audit on the Department of Defense's budget. [21] By 2015, the discrepant funds had increased to $6.5 trillion for the army alone. On 9/28/2018, President Donald Trump signed the Department of Defense and Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Act, 2019 and Continuing Appropriations Act, 2019 (H.R.6157) into law. Official website for U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Head to the redesigned Defense.gov where you can learn all about the Defense Department. [7] The company has dual headquarters located in Houston and in Dubai , but it remains incorporated in the United States. (October 27, 2017) A: No. However, this does not include many military-related items that are outside the Defense Department budget, such as nuclear weapons research, maintenance, cleanup, and production, which is in the Department of Energy budget, Veterans Affairs, the Treasury Department's payments in pensions to military retirees and widows and their families, interest on debt incurred in past wars, or State Department financing of foreign arms sales and militarily-related development assistance. (JP-8 accounts for nearly 90% of its fuels.) ", A unified combatant command is a military command composed of personnel/equipment from at least two Military Departments, which … State Department and some Defense Department officials want the executive order to have the widest reach, said people familiar with the matter. Faced with rising tensions between the Thirteen Colonies and the British government, one of the first actions taken by the First Continental Congress in September 1774 was to recommend that the colonies begin defensive military preparations. Leidos works extensively with the United States Department of Defense (4th largest DoD contractor FY2012), the United States Department of Homeland Security, and the United States Intelligence Community, including the NSA, as well as other U.S The organization and functions of the Department of Defense are in Title 10 of the United States Code. DIO will be added to the Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) List of Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) and Blocked Persons. The Department of Agriculture provides leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, and related issues. The table below includes the companies on the Department of Defense list of “Communist Chinese military companies” as well as their subsidiaries listed in … Other Defense agencies include the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the Strategic Capabilities Office (SCO), the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), the Missile Defense Agency (MDA), the Defense Health Agency (DHA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency (formerly the DSS), and the Pentagon Force Protection Agency (PFPA), all of which are subordinate to the secretary of defense. View Department of Defense - Defense Intelligence Agency (www.dia.mil) location in District of Columbia, United States , revenue, industry and description. Finally, on the last day of the session, 29 September 1789, Congress created the War Department. The primary responsibility is managing the defense budget and executing the defense … OSD is the principal staff element of the secretary of defense in the exercise of policy development, planning, resource management, fiscal and program evaluation and oversight, and interface and exchange with other U.S. government departments and agencies, foreign governments, and international organizations, through formal and informal processes. [22] Beneath the Department of Defense are three subordinate military departments: the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force. The secretary of defense, appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate, is by federal law (10 U.S.C. In 2016, The Washington Post uncovered that rather than taking the advice of the auditing firm, senior defense officials suppressed and hid the report from the public to avoid political scrutiny. Air Force? State Department and some Defense Department officials want the executive order to have the widest reach, said people familiar with the matter. The United States Munitions List ("USML," part 121 of the ITAR) Articles, services, and related technical data that are designated as defense articles or defense services pursuant to sections 38 and 47(7) of the Arms Export Control Act constitute the United States Munitions List (USML). Upon the seating of the 1st U.S. Congress on 4 March 1789, legislation to create a military defense force stagnated as they focused on other concerns relevant to setting up the new government. The Department of Defense is headed by the secretary of defense, a cabinet-level head who reports directly to the president of the United States. [58], Shortly after the 2020 Baghdad International Airport airstrike the Iranian parliament designated all of the U.S. military including the Department of Defense as a terrorist organization.[59][60]. [26] Each of the individual Military Service Chiefs, outside their Joint Chiefs of Staff obligations, works directly for the secretary of the Military Department concerned: the secretary of the Army, secretary of the Navy and secretary of the Air Force. It owns hundreds of subsidiaries, affiliates, branches, brands, and divisions worldwide and employs approximately 55,000 people. The remaining $7.9 billion falls under the jurisdiction of other congressional committees.[51]. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF STATE BUREAU OF POLITICAL MILITARY AFFAIRS WASHINGTON, D.C. 20520 In the Matter of: BAE Systems plc A Company Organized Under the Laws of England and Wales Respondent CONSENT AGREEMENT Department of Defense Directive 5100.01 describes the organizational relationships within the department, and is the foundational issuance for delineating the major functions of the department. A large Army division may use about 6,000 US gallons (23,000 L) per day. OSD also supervises the following Defense Agencies: Several defense agencies are members of the United States Intelligence Community. The DOD is the largest employer in the world,[6] with over 1.3 million active-duty service members (soldiers, marines, sailors and airmen) as of 2020. Department of Defense Agencies, Field Activities, and others, (including Defense Agencies and DoD Field Activities), United States Department of Defense (DoD), Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency, Defense Technology Security Administration, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, United States Military Entrance Processing Command, Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, United States Marine Corps Criminal Investigation Division, Air Force Office of Special Investigations, Special Access Program Oversight Committee, Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, National Security Agency/Central Security Service, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, American Forces Radio and Television Service, General Counsel of the Department of Defense, Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, Assistant Secretary for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology, Assistant Secretary (Financial Management and Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment, Assistant Secretary of the Army for Manpower and Reserve Affairs, Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management and Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Environment), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs), Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Development and Acquisitions), Organization of the United States Marine Corps, Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Financial Management & Comptroller), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Installations, Environment & Logistics), Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Manpower & Reserve Affairs), Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Alternate National Military Command Center, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_U.S._Department_of_Defense_agencies&oldid=993609036, United States Department of Defense agencies, Lists of government agencies in the United States, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center (DOD TRMC) [Field Activity], Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations Cross Functional Team (EMSO CFT), Close Combat Lethality Task Force (CCLTF), Protecting Critical Technology Task Force (PCTTF), Missouri River Regional Headquarters (CENWD-MR) (Former Missouri River Division), North Pacific Regional Headquarters (CENWD-NP)(Former North Pacific Division), Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (CECER), Department of Defense Test Resource Management Center, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 14:32. 57 ], in 2015, a Pentagon consulting firm performed an audit impossible! 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